As Fire Prevention Month comes to a close, here’s a catchy reminder from country star Eddy Arnold and the Forest Service about everyone’s favorite forest fire prevention advocate.
Ever wondered - is it Smokey Bear or Smokey the Bear?
Smokey’s official name has no “the” in the middle though. It was added in 1952 to achieve proper rhythm in the song “Smokey the Bear”, written by Steve Nelson and Jack Rollins.
Did you know? Just like his colleague Woodsy Owl, Smokey has a Public Law (P.L. 82-359) protecting him. Congress passed the law in 1952 to prevent Smokey from being used to sell commercial products. It was believed that this would dilute Smokey’s forest fire prevention message. Their strategy seems to have worked. Wildfire prevention is one of the most successful campaigns that the Ad Council has ever produced.
Because Twain lived so publicly while behaving so viscerally, he left clashing impressions. Fits of arrogance, real or protective, increased with success, which attracted bores, psychopaths, a gallery of petitioners, and con men… His conscience, which indicted him for sins and crimes that ordinary minds rationalize away, multiplied the pretexts for reproach; his self-doubt now gnawed on his never feeling totally accepted by New England genteelists and yet also guilt for wanting their approval. More simply, as his prestige mounted, the fear of falling grew keener; occasionally he worried that his happiness was just a dream, a fantasy of wish fulfillment. Nevertheless, reality kept reassuring him munificently, liberating his primal instincts.
Mark Twain was born today. Read the entry on his life from the American National Biography.
Image credit: Mark Twain at desk, via Wikimedia Commons.
This day in Anarchist history October 31, 1926 Anteo Zamboni a 15-year old anarchist tries to assassinate the fascist dictator Benito Mussolini in Bologna, by shooting at him during the parade celebrating the March on Rome. Zamboni, whose shot missed Mussolini, was immediately attacked and lynched by nearby fascists.
Like her husband President Herbert Hoover, Lou Hoover has a contested and paradoxical legacy. A graduate of Stanford’s geology program, the future First Lady struggled to find a job after graduation, instead joining her husband when his career took him to China. She added Mandarin to the four other languages she had mastered, and once back in America, she and her husband spoke in Mandarin when they needed to speak about a private matter when in public. The White House appeared to be less of an adventure for the First Lady. She deemed it “as bleak as a New England barn,” and she had no motivation to redo her wardrobe or lifestyle to fit that of a First Lady’s. Although hardly liked by White House employees for her uncaring treatment, she fought for women’s rights, pressuring her husband to amend Civil Service Rule VII to require nominations “without regard to sex.” She continued to play an active role in her husband’s administration, but her natural reticence alienated her from the public.
Facts and quotations from First Ladies: From Martha Washington to Michelle Obama by Betty Boyd Caroli. C-SPAN is exploring the influence of First Ladies in its series.
Image credit: Mrs Herbert Hoover. Digital ID: 1262356. New York Public Library.